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Urban Metabolism for Resource-Efficient Cities: from Theory to Implementation

This report is a review of urban resource assessment tools that can guide a city-level resource efficiency transition, using urban metabolism assessment as the guiding framework.

This study was the outcome of a collaboration between the Sustainability Institute ( and UN Environment ( under the framework of the Global Initiative for Resource Efficient Cities (

Lead authors: Josephine Kaviti Musango, Paul Currie and Blake Robinson The authors acknowledge assistance from Nhlanhla May
Design and layout: Sunflood